Mechanical Engineering finds applications in the planning, development, research, evaluation, manufacture, installation, testing, operation, maintenance, and management of machines, mechanical and mechatronic systems, heat transfer processes automated systems and robotic devices fluid and thermal energy systems, thermodynamic and combustion systems, materials and handling systems, manufacturing equipment, and process plant. Engineering is a rapidly changing, interdisciplinary field that gives opportunities to express one’s creativity in a more tangible way. With a high progressive projected career growth, taking into consideration our globalized world’s unceasing need for technological advancements and innovation in communication and travel, a career as an engineer is most exciting, rewarding, and lucrative.
Mechanical engineers prefer offices as their workspace but are sometimes called to the site of action, visiting worksites when any work progress needs their attention, and to supervise construction plans. Mechanical engineers are versatile and fit many roles in engineering services, research and development, and manufacturing. The research, design, development, build, and test various devices is also a part of Mechanical engineering. Enthusiasm for solving problems and critical thinking are vital traits of mechanical engineers, high creative intelligence, and the ability to innovate transforms a theoretical idea into a practical reality. Mechanical engineering is a challenging and changing professional field, because of innovations like 3D printing as well as the development of the latest engineering materials like carbon fiber composites. Mechanical engineers are instrumental in the technologies that serve people and are included in sectors of almost all industries. Engineers are known for the knowledge and skills needed to style new energy sources and make existing energy sources cleaner and better the efficiency of existing and progressing technologies. In the future, they will be at the forefront of researching newer technologies for a cleaner environment, agriculture, and food safety, residential accommodations, transportation, safety, security, healthcare, and water resources. Engineers are pivotal in creating ecologically safe solutions that meet the most active needs and alleviate the standard of life for all people around the world.
Below we describe the role of Mechanical engineers in developing a better future for the world.
• Help sustainability evolve by deploying new technologies and techniques and find legitimate answers to the mounting worldwide environmental pressures caused by the activities of human progress. Engineers are going to be challenged to arrive at new technologies and techniques that support economic progress while promoting sustainability. An expanding and growing population will need secure access to healthy food and clean water, proper sanitation, energy, education, healthcare, and affordable transportation. Global challenges to assist in the improvement of the standard of life for a multiplying population while preserving the environment are going to gather.
• Engineers will be deeply involved in designing large scale and minuscule systems for implementation in the future.
Engineers of the future will work on the extremes of magnified and nanosystems that need greater knowledge and tandem implementation of multidisciplinary and multi-scale engineering across remote locations and varying timeframes. A replacement field of systems engineering will incorporate much of the knowledge and practices of engineering.
• Engineers are all set to be part of international collaboration based on their critical knowledge and competencies.
Because of successful globalization, many engineering companies collaborate internationally. Often, manufacturing and automotive companies have their facilities and plants located abroad which needs their engineers to be ready to collaborate internationally with other engineers. Engineering consultancies also work with companies overseas. Engineering students upon their graduation are required to be ready to join an outsized team composed of other engineers and other professionals.
•Application of the recent inventions of Bio-Nano technologies to supply solutions across various fields such as healthcare, energy, water management, the environment, and agriculture management.
Bionanotechnology stands at the cusp of convergence of nanotechnology and biology. Nanobiology and nanobiotechnology are used interchangeably with bionanotechnology. the sector applies the tools of nanotechnology to solve challenges of biology, creating specialized applications for greater benefits. Applied Bionanotechnology in biotechnology includes the advent of nanotechnology-based drug delivery devices, genome sequencing, proteomics, and imaging, microfluidic devices for top throughput drug discovery assays. Nanorobotics could be a developing field wherein machines are engineered from nanoscale components. Within the field of nanomedicine, nanorobots are expected to perform some interesting operations. Nanotechnology is being developed in agriculture to beat the restrictions of traditional farming. For example, nanotechnologies have the potential to enhance the utilization of soil nutrients by plants. Nanofabricated materials formulated with plant nutrients in aqueous suspension and hydrogels are being researched to be used in enhancing the growth of crops. Zerovalent iron nanoparticles or nanoparticles from iron rust might be formulated to purify soils contaminated with pesticides, heavy metals, and radionuclides. because it is becoming more and more obvious that biotechnologies and nanotechnologies lie at the core of technological innovation, many of the best opportunities for mechanical engineers will dwell at the intersection of those two fields of technology.
• Come up with viable and economically sound solutions for most common problems faced by the downtrodden and poor.
Modern technology has the ability to transform the lives of the world’s poor by empowering and equipping them for the better . the requirements of the underserved for engineering solutions are likely to increase because the population is ever-growing. Most of the 1.4 billion people that survive on $1.25 per day adapt agriculture for his or her livelihoods, consistent with the United Nations. Scientific research in agriculture, from better plowing techniques to rice adapted to grow in saltier water, can satiate the hunger of a greater populace. Many villagers that have bicycles cannot use them to relocate the ailing. Building bicycle trailers to move up to 200 kilograms of water, food or passengers can help the poor who don’t have access to proper transport.
For the betterment of the population, the mindset today requires a restructuring of how engineers approach their profession. Teaching engineers the means to create locally appropriate engineering solutions for the underserved may be a key to developing a sustainable standard of living for all.
A key challenge facing every nation is balancing incentives for innovation by diffusing the advantages of innovation as large as possible. Open innovation may be a key trend as companies siphon innovation wherever it is found. Innovation, within the framework of a worldwide economy, will remain a posh affair in the future. A fundamental restructuring of the regulation and protection of property on a worldwide basis is unlikely. As more complex technologies require greater collaboration and sharing of patents, incremental changes will occur to supply equitable and beneficial results for the innovators and people that adopt and commercialize innovations.
The scope for the invention of newer technologies will sustain global demand for adequately skilled and innovative mechanical engineers in the future. Prospective employers will seek and promote people with unique and varied backgrounds to maximize their potential for fulfillment in diverse cultures and situations.
Nanotechnology and biotechnology will dominate technological development within the next 20 years and can be incorporated into all aspects of technology that affect our lives daily. Nano-Bio will provide the building blocks that future engineers will use to unravel pressing problems in diverse fields including medicine, energy, water management, aeronautics, agriculture, and environmental management. in the future, advances in CAD, materials, robotics, nanotechnology, and biotechnology will customize the method of designing and creating new devices. Engineers are going to be ready to design solutions to local problems. Partly thanks to the rapidly increasing power of technology, routine tasks that were traditionally performed by engineers are going to be performed by technicians using computers. Engineers are called upon to develop innovative products and processes, exercise new and unfamiliar technical and professional skills, and performance in an increasingly global environment. future engineers will have more freedom to reform and build their own devices using unique materials and ample labor – creating a new way of the profession for engineering entrepreneurs. The face of engineering manpower is going to change as more engineers work from home as a part of larger decentralized engineering companies or as independent entrepreneurs. Engineering knowledge and skill are vital for the competitiveness of recent societies. Innovation is the drive behind the economic process and therefore the key to solving future global challenges. Since the economy is driven by the power of people and organizations to find out, innovate, adapt, and adapt fast, education needs restructuring. aside from greater technical knowledge, it’ll embrace knowledge in management, creativity, and problem-solving. engineering will get to embrace partnerships among industry, government, and academia to support and expand research and development and recruit and educate the subsequent generation of mechanical engineers. We educate and train the lads and ladies who drive technological change, but sometimes forget that they need to add a developing social, economic, and political context. Technological choices can have unintended ethical, environmental, and social consequences, and thus engineers got to be mindful of the experience of previous generations. the problems that are with educators for long including motivating a fresher by making the work exciting, communicating the role of engineer, interpersonal communication including writing, understanding of business processes and economic environment, professional ethics, and social responsibility remain intrinsically. it’s imperative to shift the main target of engineering curricula from transmission of content to the onus of skills that support engineering thinking and professional judgment within the new environment. Future engineers must be prepared to conceive and derive resultant projects of increasing complexity that need a highly detailed and evolved view of engineering sciences. As an entity, we’d like to recharge corporate entrepreneurial and academic R&D, also our curricula in energy for engineering needs to be restructured to be the framework of future innovations and advents.